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2 edition of The ethics of patenting DNA found in the catalog.

The ethics of patenting DNA

The ethics of patenting DNA

a discussion paper.

by

  • 122 Want to read
  • 38 Currently reading

Published by Nuffield Council on Bioethics in London .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Patent laws and legislation.,
  • DNA -- Patents.,
  • Biotechnology industries -- Patents.,
  • Human genetics -- Moral and ethical aspects.

  • Edition Notes

    Includes bibliographical references.

    GenrePatents.
    ContributionsNuffield Council on Bioethics.
    The Physical Object
    Paginationxii, 94 p. ;
    Number of Pages94
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL20416009M
    ISBN 101904384021

    Gene Patenting background. After it was announced in June that the human genome was almost completely mapped, private and public entities unleashed a flood of patent requests for genes and small pieces of gene sequences.   I’m a novice, but am a very avid DNA genealogy learner. So many do not take the aspect discussed in this video into account when sending in DNA tests for relatives. As I work with the DNA testing more and more, I am finding that the surprises found in the results seem to be more frequent that I originally thought that they would be.


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The ethics of patenting DNA Download PDF EPUB FB2

Unprecedented possibilities, indubitably, there is a great debate surrounding gene patenting in moral, practical, and legal domains.

It is questioned whether the idea of patenting an element of life is immoral: owning or treating genetic material as property is a concern, though some argue this File Size: KB. The ethics of patenting DNA 3 CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION The study of biology was radically transformed by the discovery in of the structure of DNA, which is the genetic material of living organisms (see Box ).

Since then, scientists have made considerable advances in understanding how DNA works, and how differences in DNA lead to. Get this from a library. The ethics of patenting DNA: a discussion paper. [Nuffield Council on Bioethics.;] -- This paper questions whether the application of the patent system to DNA sequences achieves its goals of stimulating innovation for the public good and rewarding people for useful new inventions.

Moreover the arguments that patenting DNA promotes the view that life is a commodity, cannot be accepted because it is not that the main aim of the DNA patenting to earn profit or to use it for someone personal interest, on the contrary the overall aim of the patent system is to promote the public interest and to provide a fair reward to inventors.

The ethics of patenting DNA Article (PDF Available) in Journal of Commercial Biotechnology 9(3) March with 97 Reads How we measure 'reads'. Functional Use. Finally, a third and emerging class of gene patents is that which claims the functional use of a gene.

These patents are based on discovery of the role genes The ethics of patenting DNA book in disease or other bodily and cellular functions or pathways, and claim methods and compositions of matter (typically called ‘small molecule’ drugs) used to up- or downregulate the by: Our DNA is part of who we are and patenting a segment of ourselves is like if Freud had patented the id and then charged a patent fee anytime anyone did talk therapy, or even used their id.

Certainly the company should be able to own the techniques used to isolate the genes, and even the test developed from the techniques. Even if current patent laws can be interpreted to allow gene patenting (Looney,pp.

–, Resnik,pp. 43–61) we can always pose an ethical challenge to an existing law. The United States and European countries have so far taken divergent approaches to gene by: 6. Should DNA be patented.

This paper argues that the patenting of DNA (whether of human or other origin) is in general acceptable and should be regulated by the same The ethics of patenting DNA book and practices as govern other patenting.

However, patents on DNA Cited by:   ETHICS IN HUMAN CLONING The Patent office believed that cloning is a general term that explains the procedure that produces a precise genetic replica of a biological object including DNA sequence, a cell or an organism.

The judiciary became free to extend patent protection starting from micro-organisms to human genetic material. Stuart Newman. Work undertaken near the time of the completion of the sequencing of the human genome, in a climate of growing discussion about ethical and social issues relating to gene patenting.

The result of two years of work and nine meetings, and aims to clarify various issues and foster dialogue, as well as. The Ethics Of Dna Patenting Anurag Dwivedik Austubh Anshuraj Introduction The Study Of Biology Was Radically Transformed By The Discovery Of The Double Helical Structure Of Dna, Which Is The Genetic Material Of Living Organisms.

Since Then, Scientists Have Made Considerable Advances In Understanding How Dna Works, And How Differences In Dna. Etisk Råd () The ethics of patenting human genes and stem cells. Conference Report and Summaries, 28 September.

Nuffield Council on Bioethics, The Ethics of Patenting DNA: A Discussion Paper (London: Nuffield Council; ). Michael Reiss is Professor of Science Education and Head of the School of Mathematics, Science and Technology at the Institute of Education, University of London.

He is a Priest in the Church of England, writes and advises widely on bioethics and has. The patenting of human genetic sequences, for example, is problematic for a number of reasons, but Deane-Drummond argues convincingly that the main reasons have to do with issues of social justice rather than an infringement on the image of God that human DNA offers.

Patenting human genetic sequences poses any number of social problems. By11 states had some form of comprehensive statute requiring consent for genetic testing, 15 states and the District of Columbia had no laws on DNA collection or disclosure at all, and most of the remaining states only limited DNA testing in.

©— Bioethics Research Library Box Washington DC The Human Genetic Programme (HGN) presents a new report, Genetics, genomics and the patenting of DNA, which addresses the important ethical, legal, social and health issues raised by the patenting of DNA sequences-- not only for the industrialized world, but also for developing countries.

Ethics and the Patenting of Human Genes. of the ethics or the economics of patenting human genes outside of relatively specialized and obscure journals and book presses.

Of course, given what one might consider to be the disastrous consequences of the politicization of abortion in the U.S., it would be foolish to assume that democratic. Ethical issues in patenting scientific research.

The DNA could be viewed as a random sequence of bases, and the author is the sequencer, but this is not what we would normally talk of as an author or inventor, rather the sequencers are discoverers. In the days of colonial rule a discoverer could claim a land as their property, but later it. A biological patent is a patent on an invention in the field of biology that by law allows the patent holder to exclude others from making, using, selling, or importing the protected invention for a limited period of scope and reach of biological patents vary among jurisdictions, and may include biological technology and products, genetically modified organisms and genetic material.

‘Patenting DNA’ or ‘Patents that assert rights over DNA’ raise a number of ethical issues due to various factors such as the special status of the DNA, legal criteria for patenting as well.

n engl j med ;11 septem book reviews owning the genome: a moral analysis of dna patenting By David B. Resnik.

Albany, State University. DNA patenting has emerged as a hot topic in science policy and bioethics as private companies and government agencies spend billions of dollars on genetic research and development in a race to identify, sequence, and analyze DNA from human, animal, and plant species.

David B. Resnik's Owning the Genome explores the ethical, social Cited by: The ethics of patenting DNA 21 CHAPTER 3 PATENTING DNA Patenting DNA In Chapter 2, we accepted that, in general, the application of the patent system in the field of biotechnology and biomedicine is justifiable as a way of striking a reasonable balance between the rights of inventors and the public interest.

In this chapter we address the. ‘The issue of gene patenting also invokes ethical considerations. Hundreds of human DNA sequences have already been patented and there are curren patents pending at the US patent office. The Human Genome Project, however, does not patent its sequence data, but rather deposits all of its gene maps and gene sequences in public.

Patenting of Life Forms. In book: An Introduction to Ethical, Safety and Intellectual Property Rights Issues in Biotechnology (pp) The ethics of patenting : Padma Nambisan.

by Julian Cockbain and Sigrid Sterckx. In a target article in this Journal infor which we were two of the co-authors, we discussed the problematic nature of the patenting of foundational (bio)technological processes, in particular the CRISPR-Cas9 (CRISPR) gene-editing note is intended to bring the Journal’s readers up to speed on a couple of important recent.

Analysis of DNA Patenting (Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, ), pages; ISBN: Peter Murphy, PhD University of Tennessee This book is devoted to showing that with the single exception of patents on people's whole genomes, DNA patents are morally permissible.

Resnik begins with three useful background chapters. The ethics of biotech patenting can be looked at using the concept of ‘human dignity’, the theory of the ‘commons’ and the effect of patent monopolies on the cost of medicines. ‘Human dignity’ is an accepted concept and is defined in Article 1 of the The Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union as inviolable.5/5.

Among the most controversial issues in biotechnology over the last ten years has been the patenting of human DNA sequences as well as human medical, pharmaceutical along with economic interests at stake are huge, making investments in biotechnology firms involved in gene patenting highly patenting is a relatively broad term and refers to the patenting of individual.

The legal practice of patenting a newly discovered gene is controversial because of this topic’s importance in the medical, pharmaceutical, and ethical world. “Gene patenting” is a broad term referring to the patenting of genetic sequences such as DNA and RNA, and to alternative forms of DNA such as cDNA (complementary DNA).

Finally, many argued that discovering the location of a gene never rose above the bar for being non-obvious; certainly by the late s the practice was common place. Despite the criticism, DNA patenting has proven to be a very active area.

This book considers ethical issues arising out of specific practices in human genetics, including genetic screening, gene patenting, gene therapy, genetic counselling as well as feminist concerns.

Genetics and Christian Ethics argues for a particular theo-ethical approach that derives from a modified version of virtue ethics, drawing Cited by: Patenting DNA sequences has been possible as sequences isolated from living organisms are considered compositions of matter and articles of manufacture.

However, there is an increasing emphasis on sequences which demonstrate a “substantial, credible. IPR, Biosafety and Bioethics provides a broad coverage of three areas of patenting—intellectual property rights (IPR), biosafety and bioethics.

It creates awareness about the value of IPR in our lives and fosters a better understanding of the rights associated with IPR such as copyright, patent, trademarks, industrial designs, geographical indications and so on.4/5(2).

As of the yearo DNA-based patents have been issued in the USA alone (Cook-Deegan and McCormack, ). Gene patenting never reached the same level of effervescence elsewhere as it did in the USA.

Thomas and colleagues () found that between andout of 6, DNA patents filed, the majority were filed in the USA (62%).Cited by: 1. Overview. This database serves as a resource for policy makers and members of the general public interested in fields like genomics, genetics and biotechnology.

The DNA Patent Database (DPD) contains a collection of DNA-based patents () and patent applications () issued by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) and makes the full-text of such patents and applications.

Policy — Supreme Court blocks patenting of genomic DNA (Updated) Opens the door for widespread testing of cancer genes.

John Timmer - pm UTCAuthor: John Timmer. The Ethics of Genetic Patenting and the Subsequent Implications on the Future of Health Care Suzanne Ratcliffe Follow this and additional works at: Part of the Intellectual Property Law Commons Recommended Citation Ratcliffe, Suzanne () "The Ethics of Genetic Patenting and the Subsequent.

Judy G. Russell, JD, CG, CGL, “The Ethics of DNA Testing,” OnBoard 21 (January ): 1–2, 7. Handling family secrets, safeguarding information about living people, crediting others’ work: the ethical challenges of family history in the twenty-first century can be daunting.

Introduction. The management of biological material (cells and tissues) requires a number of considerations, including technical–scientific, organizational, ethical, and legal.1 Biological samples are collected and stored for widely differing purposes:2,3 diagnosis or treatment of the person from whom they are collected (eg, clinical treatment), altruistic donation for therapeutic purposes Cited by: Get this from a library!

Owning the genome: a moral analysis of DNA patenting. [David B Resnik] -- "DNA patenting has emerged as a hot topic in science policy and bioethics as private companies and government agencies spend billions of dollars on genetic research and development in a race to.